Tribes of the Omo Valley

The Omo valley and the surrounding areas are also well known because of their most attractive National Park and various tribes that have led traditional life styles. The famous national parks such as Nechsar, Mago and Omo are found around the Omo Valley. Various people who are popular in their unsophisticated way of life inhabit the area of Omo valley and its surroundings. It is a region where age-old African customs are still practiced. Some of its people do not develop material culture, but they have many other mechanisms of manifestations of their traditional ways of life. For instance, the

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Valley of Omo

Valley of Omo Pre-historic and Paleontological site - UNESCO registered the areas of Omo Valley has internationally recognized as World Heritage site because of its outstanding paleo-anthropological and archaeological reserves. For instance, Omo, Fejej and Konso are among the prominent paleo-anthropological sites within and around the Omo valley. Sites of the Omo Valley contain fossil remains dating back to between 4 million and 100,000 years ago. Fossils of the genus Homo species and stone artifacts have been discovered in various localities including the following; •    The partial skull of Homo habilis, dated to 1.9 million years ago •    Homo erectus

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LOWER VALLEY OF AWASH

Valley of Awash; Paleontological and Pre-Historic Site - UNESCO registered UNESCO registered the area of Awash Valley as a world heritage site mainly because of its immense paleo-anthropological and archaeological resources. In this regard, the Middle Awash, Hadar, Gona, Dikika, Busidima and MelkaKunture are worth mentioning. The Awash Valley contains the oldest hominid remains that date back at least to 5million years. It also provides evidence of the genus Homo sapiens and Lithic (stone tool) technology. The major fossil remains of the area are described in the table below.

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LALIBELA ROCK-HEWN CHURCHES

Lalibela Rock-Hewn Churches, North WolloAmhara Region, September 1978 Lalibela is designated as world Heritage site in 1978. After the decline of the Axumite state, a new Christian dynasty emerged in the 12th century. This Zagwe dynasty made its capital in Roha, some 400 of kilo meters south of Axum. According to a legendary account, King Lalibela was born in Roha. His name means 'the bee recognises its sovereignty'. God ordered him to build 10 monolithic churches, and gave him detailed instructions as to their construction and even their colours. When his brother Harbay abdicated, time had come for Lalibela to

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Harer Jegol

Harer Jegol, the fortified Historic town Harari Region HarerJegol, the fortified Historic town Harari Region, Eastern Ethiopia August 2006 Inscribed in 2006, Harar is a fortified historic town in south-eastern Ethiopia. It has been a major commercial center, linking African and Islamic trade routes. It has been recognized by UNESCO as 'an inland urban settlement with a distinct architectural character and social organization, which cannot be compared to any other town in East Africa.' It is considered "the fourth holiest city of Islam" with 82 mosques and 102 shrines. The walls surrounding this sacred Muslim city were built between the

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Axum, Historical and Archaeological site

Axum, Historical and Archaeological site, Tigray region, September 1980 For a large number of years in ancient time, Axum had been served as a political and religious center of Ethiopia. It was the capital of the Axumite Kingdom and considered as the first well-known permanent capital in the history of the country. It has still a considerable symbolic role for the Ethiopian church and state. During its long history, Axum greatly contributed too many human developments. It has been a repository of tremendous archaeological and historical treasures including the steel, the rock-tombs, temples, the palaces, the stone thrones and others.

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Harar

Home of the EMIR’S, Harar, is an Islamic state and Holly City that flourished during the 15th century (1437 AD) is located 528Kms east of Addis Abeba. The city is well recognized for its medieval architecture, great walls and was a center of Muslim enlightenment. Harar, was a strong hold to the Muslim Sultanate which ruled these lands and trade routes of the Medieval Time. Since its foundation, Harar has been ruled by Seventy Two success Imams. In today’s world, Harar stands as the fourth main Muslim Pilgrim sites next to Mecca, Medina and Jerusalem. The city is well known

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Al-Nejashi (Nejash)

Negashi is about 10 kms away from the town of Wukro, in Tigray region that lies on the plateau with a magnificent over head view of the surrounding area. “Negashi” got its name from a Tigrayian word “Negash” or “Negus” which is used as a variant word for Arab. The history of Negashi Mosque dates back to the 7th century AD, the faith Islam itself faced suffering in its early stages after the followers of Prophet Mohammed faced persecution by Quer’shi  tribe of the Mercantile ruler of Mecca. So, in order to maintain the very survival of the religion itself,

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Temple of Yeha

Yeha is situated 50km East of Axum. It is another historic places adorned with an attractive rock pillars and buildings. The temple of Yeha is the oldest standing structure in Ethiopia and was the largest pre- Christian Temple. It was ancient capital of Sabeans, which pre- dominantly where the founders of Axumite kingdom (in the pre- Axumite time). It was once a place where great civilizations dominated. Yeha is constructed by huge stone without the use of Mortar. This is a tower built in Sabean style and dated back 500B.C.  The remaining one side of its walls which is still

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Rock-hewn churches of Tigray

There are hundreds of Rock Hewn Churches over the mountains of Tigray. The rock churches are found in sandstone escarpments; stone built villages and cave churches in Gheralta, Timben, Hawezien, Atsibidera, GentaAfeshum, and Wukro and in many other places scattered unevenly. They vary from their modifications that roughly hewn out, beautifully elaborate wall murals and they are hidden in valleys, cliff faces and indeed, mountaintops. The town of Hawizen is a base for exploring these churches to any direction. Some of these churches are found in scenery of mountains, difficult ascent; others are famous for their stone workmanship, ancient paintings

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